The Progression of Chianti; Roosters to Singers 基安蒂酒的进步:一个与公鸡和歌手有关的故事

眼睛累了不想看屏幕?在路上不方便阅读?您可以来听作者们为您朗读的这个博客喔!Don’t feel like reading? You don’t have to! Tune in to listen to our authors read you this blog.

英文原声 – English by Isabell

中文原声 – Chinese by 晴格格

The Chianti rooster depicted on a mural (photo credit: ChiantiOfficial Instagram feed) / 壁画上描绘的基安蒂酒公鸡 (照片来源: 基安蒂官方Instagram)

The legend of Chianti is quite the tale. Florence and Sienna are both located in the Region of Tuscany, legend says that Florence and Sienna were having problems deciding where their borders lay in between their provinces. So, to settle the dispute they decided to do things a little differently. They decided to send out two knights, at the break of dawn, one from each municipality, and each would set out at the first crow of a rooster. Where both knights met in the middle would decide the official border between the two provinces.

基安蒂酒的故事是一个值得称道的传说! 佛罗伦萨和锡耶纳都位于托斯卡纳大区,据说佛罗伦萨和锡耶纳在决定两个省之间的边界时遇到了争议。因此,为解决争端,他们决定用与众不同的方式。他们决定在黎明时分、两个城市各派一名骑士,在一听到各自省区里公鸡的第一声啼叫时出发。两个骑士在中间相遇的地方将作为两个省份之间的官方边界。

beautiful scene in Bolgheri Tuscany (photo credit: Ornellaia winery Instagram feed) / 托斯卡纳宝格利的美丽景色 (照片来源: 奥尼利亚葡萄酒庄Instagram)

The province of Florence decided upon a black rooster, the province of Sienna settled on a white rooster. There was a difference between the roosters in that the knight from Sienna had fed his rooster the night before, so the next morning, it crowed at the usual hour. The Florentines however had failed to feed their rooster (on purpose). This meant that the rooster awoke out of hunger, crowing extra early. So, the Florentine knight got such a head-start that he managed to get 7.5 miles from Sienna before meeting up with the other knight; having traversed almost the entire Chianti area.

佛罗伦萨省决定用一只黑色公鸡,而锡耶纳省决定用一只白色公鸡。公鸡之间的区别在于,锡耶纳的骑士在前一天晚上喂过公鸡食物,所以第二天早上,公鸡在通常的时间醒来啼鸣。然而佛罗伦萨人没有喂他们的公鸡(这是故意的)。这意味着公鸡会因为饥饿会而提前醒来啼叫。因此,佛罗伦萨骑士取得了领先出发的优势,他到达距离锡耶纳整整7.5英里的地方,穿越了几乎整个基安蒂葡萄酒的产区。

The cypress lined road to the Ornellaia winery (photo credit: Ornellaia winery Instagram feed) / 通往奥纳亚葡萄酒厂的柏树路 (照片来源: 奥纳亚酒庄Instagram)

Thus, the Chianti vine growing area was mostly incorporated into the Florentine area. In reality, its borders were defined in 1716 by an edict issued by Gran duke Cosimo III de’ Medici; the Chianti Classico Wine Consortium was later founded in 1924 to protect and promote this wine as well as to prevent wine fraud.

因此,基安蒂酒葡萄种植区大部分被并入佛罗伦萨地区。事实上,它的边界是由大公爵科西莫三世·德·美第奇在1716年颁布的法令确定的;经典基安蒂酒葡萄酒协会(Chianti Classico Wine Consortium)成立于1924年,旨在保护、推广这种葡萄酒并防止葡萄酒假冒伪劣。

A map of the Chianti area & the Consorzium representation event and tasting in Toronto CA. / 基安蒂酒地区地图 & 基安蒂酒葡萄酒协会在加拿大多伦多的代表活动和品尝。

Chianti Classico stretches between Florence and Sienna and includes 14 municipalities, Chianti produces one of the most famous wines in the world, this small wine-region produces one of the best-known wines: the Chianti Classico Wine.

经典基安蒂葡萄酒产区位于佛罗伦萨和锡耶纳之间,包括14个城市,基安蒂这个小葡萄酒产区出产最著名的葡萄酒之一: 经典基安蒂酒葡萄酒。这个地区生产葡萄酒已经有2000多年了。

Italian Chianti and food! (photo credit: ChiantiOfficial Instagram feed) / 意大利基安蒂葡萄酒和食物!(照片来源:基安蒂官方照片)

Wine has been produced in this area for more than 2000 years. It is now a part of Italian heritage just like, the Colosseum, pasta and delicious tiramisu!

它现在是意大利遗产的一部分,就像古罗马斗兽场、意大利面和美味的提拉米苏一样!

Sangiovese grapes (photo credit: terredimelazzano Instagram feed) / 桑娇维塞葡萄 (照片来源: terredimelazzano的Instagram)

The rules with respect to how Chianti Classico DOCG is blended is that it must contain 80% of Sangiovese, the red grape typical of this area. It can also contain 20% of other grapes, which include, native grapes such as Canaiolo and Colorino, as well as other varieties such as Cabernet Sauvignon and Merlot. Characteristics include its ruby red color, its floral notes and dry and sapid flavor, with a good level of tannins. The minimum alcohol level should be 12°.

经典基安蒂酒DOCG的混酿规则是:必须含有80%的桑娇维塞葡萄,这是该地区典型的红色葡萄品种,它可以含有20%的其他葡萄,包括本土葡萄品种,如卡内奥罗(Canaiolo)和科罗里诺(Colorino),以及其他品种,如赤霞珠和梅洛。其特点包括红宝石色、花香和干型而丰富的味道,单宁含量高。最低酒精含量应为12度。

2016 Tenuta dell’Ornellaia ‘Ornellaia’ Vendemia d’Artista La Tensione.(photo credit: Ornellaia winery Instagram feed) / 2016年奥纳亚(Ornellaia)酒庄“艺术收藏系列”合作项目2016年的作品:张力(La Tensione)。(照片来源:奥纳亚酒庄Instagram)

One of the best examples of this type of wine is from the 2016 Tenuta dell’Ornellaia, ‘Ornellaia’ Vendemia d’Artista, La Tensione. The Ornellaia winery is located in Bolgheri, Tuscany, and it is right next to the Sassicaia winery. Some other interesting producers of Chianti wine in this region is Sting’s winery, the famous singer.

这种葡萄酒最好的例子之一是奥纳亚(Ornellaia)酒庄“艺术收藏系列”合作项目2016年的作品:张力(La Tensione)。奥纳亚葡萄酒庄位于托斯卡纳的宝格利(Bolgheri),就坐落在西施佳雅(Sassicaia)葡萄酒庄旁边。基安蒂酒地区其他一些有趣的酒庄包括著名歌手Sting。

2016 Il Palagio Sting Chianti, When We Dance (photo credit: Il Palagio winery Instagram feed) / Il Palagio2016年基安蒂葡萄酒:《当我们跳舞的时候》(照片来源: Il Palagio酒庄Instagram)

Il Palagio had been harvesting and making wine since the mid-1500’s. Using organic farming methods, from 2000 onwards, Sting and his wife Trudy replanted 11 hectares of vineyards. A great example of one of their Chianti’s is their 2016 Il Palagio Sting Chianti, When We Dance (wines are named after one of his hits!), 95% Sangiovese grapes with the remaining 5% is made up of a blend of Canaiolo and Colorino. This wine is aged for 6 months in stainless steel tanks, then 3 months in-bottle, this certified organic wine is balanced and full-bodied.

Il Palagio从15世纪中期就开始采收和酿酒。从2000年起,他们使用有机耕作方法,重新种植了11公顷的葡萄园。他们基安蒂酒的一个很好的例子是他们2016年的《当我们跳舞的时候》(葡萄酒是以他的一首热门歌曲命名的!),95%桑娇维塞葡萄,其余5%是由卡内奥罗和科罗里诺葡萄混酿而成。这款酒在不锈钢罐中陈酿6个月,然后在瓶中陈酿3个月,这款经过认证的有机葡萄酒平衡且酒体饱满。

Sting and wife Trudy (photo credit: Il Palagio winery Instagram feed) / Sting和妻子Trudy (照片来源:Il Palagio葡萄酒庄Instagram)

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